25 May 2022

Urgent cold weather checks on lifesaving outdoor defibrillators advised


Urgent checks on defibrillators advised.

Community groups, clubs, businesses have been urged to check outdoor lifesaving defibrillators as temperatures drop in cold weather.

The Health Products Regulatory Authority (HPRA) called on the owners of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) to check that the recommended safety and maintenance updates on their device have been undertaken.

It is estimated that 70 percent of all cardiac arrests occur outside of the healthcare environment, where the correct operation of an AED may be a life-saving intervention.

Irish sporting venues, schools, hotels, restaurants, offices, shopping centres and all individuals who are in possession of an AED are advised to urgently check if their device is one of the models below. If they have an affected AED, the HPRA urges the owners to contact the manufacturer or the HPRA to ensure their AED receives all necessary updates. 

It is estimated that 614 AEDs by four different manufacturers require urgent updates in Ireland, to ensure they will work correctly in an emergency situation. Without these updates, the AED may not work as intended. The devices may require a software upgrade – similar to upgrading software on your phone or computer – or the replacement of a component part within the AED.

As part of the ongoing maintenance of the AED the HRPA say it is important to consider if or when it will need to be replaced as AEDs like most pieces of equipment will have an expected lifespan. At the time of purchase, the manufacturer should be able to provide this information along with details of the warranty period which will help ensure that the AED is kept up to date. Safety related updates to AEDs are normally offered by manufacturers independent of whether the AED is still under warranty.

Since the HPRA’s previous announcement in November 2017, 95 AEDs have had completed updates that were outstanding at that time and the HPRA is now calling on other owners to do the same.

Commenting today, Anne Tobin, Medical Devices Vigilance Manager of the HPRA, highlighted the positive progress made by owners who are proactively liaising with the manufacturers. 

"It is very encouraging to see that manufacturers are reviewing their devices, identifying shortcomings, and taking action. We are urging owners of AEDs to be vigilant and to check if they have one of the affected AEDs and, if they do, to liaise with manufacturers to ensure the devices are updated without delay. This year, 614 automated external defibrillators in Ireland require an urgent update, without which the devices may not perform in a life-threatening emergency’  

“Even if your AED has been fully updated, it is essential to store and maintain AEDs appropriately. Particularly during winter months, these devices may be affected by dropping temperatures and environmental conditions so it is particularly important this time of year to ensure devices are stored and maintained well. It is important to know the age and expected lifespan of your AED device and consider if or when the AED may need to be replaced.

 “We would urge those in possession of a device which needs to be updated to contact the manufacturer or the HPRA to organise the necessary updates as soon as possible. This action could be the difference between life and death for whomever next requires treatment with the AED. These devices offer an important first response intervention and we know that the majority of cardiac arrests occur outside of the healthcare environment,” she said.

Over the past 12 months, corrective actions have been identified for a further three AED models by one manufacturer which account for 294 devices on the Irish market. Of these, 148 devices still require updates.

 As a result, the updated list of six AED models which have corrective actions still outstanding are:

 AED Name                                                        Manufacturer                             

Life-Point                                                            Metsis Medikal Teknik Sistemler Elektronik Otomoti 

Samaritan PAD 300/300P                                    Physio Control, formerly HeartSine

Telefunken HR1                                                 Telefunken

Philips HeartStart FRx, Heartstart HS1 (Onsite), Heartstart HS1 (Home)      Philips

Information may be found by looking at the dedicated AED webpage on the HPRA’s website which includes essential information on safety notices published by the manufacturers of affected devices, as well as details on how to contact the manufacturer directly to organise device updates. The HPRA also has an information leaflet on AEDs available to download online with printed copies also available to order.

In recent years, defibrillators have become easier to use, automatic, portable and affordable, which has resulted in a significant increase in the number of AEDs in Ireland. All organisations with an AED on their premises should provide the manufacturer of their device with their correct contact details to ensure that the manufacturer can inform them of the need for safety upgrades if required.


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